Soil and its Properties

Soil is the mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids, and countless organisms that together support life on Earth.  How this mixture is composed creates the variations and differences that lies beneath our feet.  By understanding the current state of our soil we can begin the process of regeneration to better help us reach our production goals.

 
 

Minerals

The largest component of soil at around 45%, minerals are the tiny particles of clay, sand, silica, quartz, rock, and XXXX that are present.  Depending on the areas rock makeup, this the proportion of clay to sand will determine generally what type of soil you have.  areabout 45%, he following is placeholder text known as “lorem ipsum,” which is scrambled Latin used by designers to mimic real copy. In sit amet felis malesuada, feugiat purus eget, varius mi. Nulla eu pretium massa. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus a ante congue, porta nunc nec, hendrerit turpis.


Organic Matter

Organic matter is anything that contains carbon compounds that were formed by living organisms.  There are 3 main components of organic matter in soils:

  • dead forms of organic material - mostly dead plant parts
  • living parts of plants - mostly roots
  • living microbes and soil animals

By far the largest component is the dead matter - it constitutes about 85% of all organic matter in soils. Living roots make up about another 10% and the microbes and soil animals make up the last few percent.

Quite literally the digested refuse of the living bacteria in the soil, organic matter gives soil its usefulness to the plants that are grown within. Without organic matter, our soil is termed "dirt".  In looking at soil productivity and soil tests, organic matter is one of the key guides.  Learn more about SOM here.


Water

The amount of water in soil is tied closely with how much organic matter is present: for ever 1% of SOM there is approximately the amount of water 45% The following is placeholder text known as “lorem ipsum,” which is scrambled Latin used by designers to mimic real copy. Maecenas non leo laoreet, condimentum lorem nec, vulputate massa. Nullam sit amet nisi condimentum erat iaculis auctor. Quisque congue porttitor ullamcorper.

 


Pore space

Composed of 24% water, he following is placeholder text known as “lorem ipsum,” which is scrambled Latin used by designers to mimic real copy. In sit amet felis malesuada, feugiat purus eget, varius mi. Nulla eu pretium massa. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus a ante congue, porta nunc nec, hendrerit turpis.


Soil Biology

While not considered to be a main ingredient of soil, the soil biology plays one of the most important roles in the ground; converting and creating into useful nutrients for the plants to uptake. Micro fauna, micro biota, protus, fungi, etc... mychorrizal fungi, etc..